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Sleep researchers awarded Nobel Prize in medicine

Sleep Scientists take home the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work that helped with the discovery of the genes that drive the circadian rhythm in living organisms.

 

The trio of Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young started working to figure out just how our bodies’ biological clock works in the 1980s.

When studying fruit flies they found a protein called PER which builds up overnight and degrades as the day goes on. They noticed that when a cell has a greater level of PER less would be produced, creating an inhibitory feedback loop that allows PER to regulate its own levels throughout the day.

The Trios research opened the door for others to research on our biological clocks. Recent studies in the field have found that insomnia can be the result of genetic mutations and stimulating some neurons could treat jet let by acting like a reset button.

Source: Nobel Prize